Alcohol Abuse and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome FAS

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Epidemiology: 20% of pregnant women consume alcohol; 1-2% consume >4 drinks/day; FAS = >2-3 ounces of ethanol/day (4-6 drinks/ day) or with frequent binge drinking. Mechanism of FAS: Craniofacial dysmorpho-genesis = early teratogenesis; mental retardation and cortical defects occur later in gestation. FAS: Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), microcephaly, epicanthal folds, short palpebral fissures, cleft palate, short philtrum — maxillary hypoplasia, micrognathia, mental retardation.

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Alcohol No More

Alcohol No More

Do you love a drink from time to time? A lot of us do, often when socializing with acquaintances and loved ones. Drinking may be beneficial or harmful, depending upon your age and health status, and, naturally, how much you drink.

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