Epidemiology of Reproductive Toxicology

Sobriety Success

At Home Drug Withdrawal

Get Instant Access

There are more than 90,000 chemicals used commercially in the United States, but only 2200 have been evaluated for mutagenic and teratogenic effects in animal models. There are more than 20 million women of reproductive age in the U.S. workforce, but only 4 to 6% of birth defects are related to known drug or toxin exposures during pregnancy. From 30 to 70% of pregnant women use three to ten different drugs during pregnancy, especially vitamins, iron, analgesics, antipyretics, antimicrobials, antiemetics, theophylline, caffeine, ethanol, and nicotine. From 15 to 25% of pregnant women report licit drug use (ethanol > nicotine), or illicit drug use (marijuana > cocaine > heroin), or have positive urine drug screens during pregnancy. Analgesics, vitamins, iron, antibiotics, theoph-ylline, and psychotropic medications account for 50 to 80% of all reported toxic ingestions by pregnant women.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Dealing With Drugs

Dealing With Drugs

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Dealing With Drugs. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To A Parents Guide To The Drug Talk.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment