Online Hypnosis Training Course
HH-ypnosis uses mental processes to alter physical processes. In this way, hypnosis, like biofeedback and meditation, is a type of mind-body therapy. Medical interest in hypnosis has existed for hundreds of years. In the late 1700s, Franz Mesmer, an Austrian physician, used calming gestures and words to relax patients and, presumably, balance their magnetic energy. A commission appointed by the French Academy criticized this technique, known as mesmerism, and Mesmer was claimed to be a fraud. More recently, a magical, evil, mind-controlling view of hypnosis was promoted by vaudeville performers and magicians. Hypnosis has gained some acceptance by conventional medicine despite these negative representations of the technique. It was deemed a valid medical treatment in England in 1955 and in the United States in 1958. Research studies support the use of hypnosis for some conditions. However, many physicians and other mainstream health care professionals do not readily incorporate...
Many of the cutting-edge theoretical and technical developments in the field today are presented in this volume. Schafer (1999), himself an analytic pioneer, comments In the second half of the 20th century, we have been witness to remarkable changes in psychoanalytic theory and practice (p. 339). Prior to Freud's discovery of free association, the use of hypnosis was the major technique for exploring and mapping the unconscious. With the advent of the technique of free association, a remarkable window into the unconscious process was opened. In this chapter, I review some of the essential developments and advances that have occurred in psychoanalysis and psychodynamic psychotherapy during the past century. Now, the beginning of the twenty-first century, the field of psychoanalysis can be seen to be enormous and its influence on popular culture and lexicon widespread. This chapter refers to only a small
Two recent studies by the same research group have supported the utility of CBT for people with ASD. One study randomly allocated civilian trauma survivors (N 89) with ASD to either CBT, CBT associated with hypnosis, or SC (Bryant, Moulds, Guthrie, & Nixon, 2005). This study added hypnosis to CBT because some commentators have argued that hypnosis may breach dissociative symptoms that characterize ASD (Spiegel, 1996). To this end, the hypnosis component was provided immediately prior to imaginal exposure in an attempt to facilitate emotional processing of the trauma memories. In terms of treatment completers, more participants in the SC condition (57 ) met PTSD criteria at 6-month follow-up than those in the CBT (21 ) or CBT + hypnosis (22 ) condition. Interestingly, participants in the CBT + hypnosis condition reported greater reduction of reexperiencing symptoms at posttreatment than those in the CBT condition. This finding suggests that hypnosis may facilitate treatment gains in ASD
There are numerous approaches to smoking cessation and many comprehensive reviews of the literature (e.g., Hymowitz, 1999 Lando, 1993 Leventhal & Cleary, 1980 Schwartz, 1987). Although many approaches to smoking cessation have been successful in the short run, few, if any, have proved satisfactory in the long term. This is true for traditional group and individual counseling programs, hypnosis and acupuncture, self-help stop-smoking strategies, multi-component behavioral interventions, and pharmacological therapies (Hunt & Bespalec, 1974 Hymowitz, 1999 Yudkin et al., 2003). The tendency of smokers to quit, relapse, and quit highlights the cyclic nature of the quitting process and serves as a reminder that as much care and effort must go into helping smokers remain cigarette-free as into helping them stop smoking in the first place.
No large studies have specifically evaluated the possible benefits of hypnosis for multiple sclerosis (MS). Published case reports describe the response of individuals with MS to hypnosis (1,2). In these reports, improvement is noted in multiple MS-related symptoms. There is also a study of the effects of autogenic training, a technique similar to hypnosis, on 22 people with MS (3). Autogenic training involves mental exercises using relaxation and suggestion. It is aimed at teaching people to recognize the origin of certain physical and mental disorders and use that awareness for self-treatment. In the study of MS, autogenic training was associated with increased energy and less limitation in roles due to physical and emotional difficulties. Symptoms that may occur with MS have been investigated in people with other conditions. Anxiety, which occurs frequently in MS, may be reduced through hypnosis-induced relaxation. Also, hypnosis may be an effective therapy for pain, which may be a...
Hypnotherapy sessions are generally 30 to 90 minutes in length and cost between 60 and 150. An average course of treatment involves 6 to 12 weekly sessions. Several organizations provide information about hypnosis The American Society of Clinical Hypnosis (www.asch.net), 140 North Bloomingdale Road, Bloomingdale IL 60018-4740 (630-980-4740) Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis (www.sceh.us), 221 Rivermoor St., Boston MA 02132 (617-469-1981) Some health insurance companies reimburse for hypnosis.
Psychoanalysis was born when Freud abandoned hypnosis in favor of the technique of free association (Magnavita, 2002). Freud originally was very taken with hypnosis and was influenced by Charcot, who pioneered the technique. Breuer also stoked his interest in hypnosis, but S. Freud (1966) became frustrated with it Originally Breuer and I myself carried out psychotherapy by means of hypnosis Breuer's first patient was treated throughout under hypnotic influence, and to begin with I followed him in this. I admit that at that period the work proceeded more easily and pleasantly, and in a much shorter period of time. Results were capricious and not lasting and for that reason I finally dropped hypnosis. And I then understood that an insight into the dynamics of these illnesses had not been possible so long as hypnosis was employed. (p. 292)
The use of magnets and electromagnetic fields is a type of energy medicine. Magnets and electricity have been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. They were used in ancient China to stimulate acupuncture sites. In the eleventh and twelfth centuries, it was claimed that lodestones, minerals with natural magnetic qualities, relieved a variety of medical conditions. Paracelsus, a sixteenth-century Swiss physician and alchemist, used magnets to treat seizures. In the eighteenth century, Franz Mesmer, an Austrian physician, proposed a theory of animal magnetism and wrote a book on the subject, On the Medicinal Uses of the Magnet. It was later found that his therapy was based on hypnotism (see the chapter on Hypnosis ), not on any therapeutic effects of magnets. A large number of magnetic and electrical devices were promoted during the nineteenth century, which is sometimes referred to as the golden age of medical electricity. These devices included magnetic insoles, belts,...
Different methods of comfort care such as pastoral care, hypnosis, music, relaxation, meditation, writing, and art can be incorporated with much success, and these methods need to be integrated and offered to persons during the entire course of their illness on a routine basis (Cohen, 1999). Depression, anxiety, pain, and other mental health disorders need to be addressed with both psychotherapy and pharmaco-therapy using multiple models, including crisis, individual, group, and family therapy, over the entire spectrum of illness. Integration of spiritual care has been shown to provide comfort and solace to persons suffering with cancer (Saunders, 1988 Jacox et al., 1994). Attempts to provide these interventions across the spectrum of HIV illness will improve the seamless attention given to the associated suffering and distress.
Provide nonpharmacologic pain management strategies soothing baths massage therapy to painful areas education on possible (and encourage parent child to use) distraction techniques (i.e., music, aroma, humor, reading, journal writing, art work, pets, prayer, hypnosis, relaxation techniques. Specify).
In hypnosis, an individual enters a trancelike state. In this state of focused concentration, which is generally produced by a hypnotherapist, an individual is particularly vulnerable to suggestion. As a result, during hypnosis, a therapist makes suggestions of therapeutic value. For example, anxiety may be improved with suggestions for relaxation, and pain may be relieved with suggestions for numbness. In self-hypnosis, individuals make specific suggestions themselves. Self-hypnosis usually is most effective when it is taught by a trained therapist. There is great variability in the success of hypnosis. Some of this variability is due to the fact that different people have different degrees of susceptibility to hypnotic suggestion. Approximately two-thirds of the population are moderately susceptible to suggestion, and 5 to 10 percent of people are extremely susceptible. Children and young adults are especially responsive to hypnosis.
Hypnosis for pain and neuromuscular rehabilitation with multiple sclerosis case summary, literature review, and analysis of outcomes. Int J Clin Exp Hypn 1996 44 208-231. Sutcher H. Hypnosis as adjunctive therapy for multiple sclerosis a progress report. Am J Clin Hypn 1997 39 283-290.
editation is a type of mind-body therapy, a class of therapies that also includes biofeedback, hypnosis, and guided imagery. For thousands of years, meditation has been practiced in some form, especially in the context of religious practice. Also, meditation is one of several components of some complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies, including Ayurveda (which uses transcendental meditation or TM) and traditional Chinese medicine.
Well as decreased mood disturbance and anxious mood (Cruess et al., 2000a) in HIV-positive patients. A similar study demonstrated that behavioral stress management techniques such as self-induced relaxation using progressive muscle relaxation, electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback, self-hypnosis, and meditation resulted in improvement in anxiety, mood, and self-esteem (Taylor, 1995). Lutgendorf and colleagues (1998) also observed improvement in cognitive coping strategies, namely positive reframing and acceptance in addition to improvements in social supports.
Barbiturates reversibly suppress the activity of all excitable tissue, with the CNS being particularly sensitive to these effects. Except for the antiepileptic effects of phenobarbital, there is a low therapeutic index for the sedative effects of the barbiturates, with general CNS depression being linked to the desired therapeutic effects. The amount of barbiturates that can cause a fatal overdose is well within the usual size of a single prescription. A common problem with the medical use of the barbiturates for both sedation and hypnosis is the rapid development of tolerance, with a common tendency of medical patients to raise the dose on chronic administration. The barbiturates affect the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system, producing both a cross-tolerance to other sedating drugs, including alcohol and the benzodiazepines, and a heightened risk of fatal overdose reactions (Charney et al., 2001).
Loosely explained, hypnotherapy is an exercise of therapy which induces a deep relaxation state of body and mind and then uses this state of mind to introduce ideas or images into the consciousness.