Abbreviations

ACA = anticardiolipin antibody

ACLE = acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus

ACR = American College of Rheumatology

ADCC = antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity

ANA = antinuclear antibody

APC = antigen-presenting cell

APS = antiphospholipid syndrome

ARA = American Rheumatism Association

BCR = B-cell receptor

BLE = bullous lupus erythematosus

CCLE = chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus cDNA = complementary DNA

CHLE = chilblain lupus erythematosus

CHS = contact hypersensitivity

CI = confidence interval

CLE = cutaneous lupus erythematosus

CR = complement receptor

CS = corticosteroids

CTLA-4 = cytotoxic T-lymphocyte activation molecule-4

DC = dendritic cell

DEJ = dermoepidermal junction

DIF = direct immunofluorescence

DLE = discoid lupus erythematosus

DM = dermatomyositis ds-DNA = double-stranded DNA

DTH = delayed-type hypersensitivity

EADV = European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

EBV = Epstein-Barr virus

ELISA = enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

EM = erythema multiforme

ESR = erythrocyte sedimentation rate

FasL = Fas ligand

FITC = fluorescein isothiocyanate

G-6-PD = glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

GC = glucocorticoid

GVH = graft-vs-host

HLA = human leukocyte antigen

HUVS = hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis

ICAM-1 = intercellular adhesion molecule-1

ICLE = intermittent cutaneous lupus erythematosus

IFN = interferon

IL = interleukin iNOS = inducible nitric oxide synthase

IPF = immune protection factor

LAT = linker for activation of T cells

LBT = lupus band test

LE = lupus erythematosus

LEP = lupus erythematosus profundus

LET = lupus erythematosus tumidus

LFA-1 = lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1

LFT = liver function test

LP = lichen planus

MHC = major histocompatibility complex

MMF = mycophenolate mofetil

MNC = mononuclear cell

MPF = mutation protection factor mRNA = messenger RNA

NFAT = nuclear factor of activated T cell

NKT = natural killer cell

NLE = neonatal lupus erythematosus

NZB = New Zealand Black

NZW = New Zealand White

OR = odds ratio

PABA = p-aminobenzoic acid p-ANCAs = antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies with a perinuclear pattern

PCT = porphyria cutanea tarda

PDC = plasmacytoid dendritic cell

PPD = purified protein derivative

PS = phosphatidylserine

PLE = polymorphous light eruption

PNM = papular and nodular mucinosis

RAR = retinoid acid receptors

REM = reticular erythematous mucinosis

RES = reticuloendothelial system

RoRNP = Ro ribonucleoprotein

RXR = retinoid x receptors

SBC = sunburn cell

SCID = severe combined immunodeficient SCLE = subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus SLAM = Systemic Lupus Activity Measure SLE = systemic lupus erythematosus

SLEDAI = Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index snRNP = small nuclear ribonucleoprotein

SS = Sjogren's syndrome ss-DNA = single-stranded DNA

T4N5 = T4 endonuclease V

TCR = T-cell receptor

TNF = tumor necrosis factor

UV = ultraviolet

VCAM-1 = vascular adhesion molecule-1 VSV = vesicular stomatitis virus

Part I

Introduction

CHAPTER 1

Hair Loss Prevention

Hair Loss Prevention

The best start to preventing hair loss is understanding the basics of hair what it is, how it grows, what system malfunctions can cause it to stop growing. And this ebook will cover the bases for you. Note that the contents here are not presented from a medical practitioner, and that any and all dietary and medical planning should be made under the guidance of your own medical and health practitioners. This content only presents overviews of hair loss prevention research for educational purposes and does not replace medical advice from a professional physician.

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