Fennel Anethum foeniculum syn Foeniculum vulgare Apiaceae

Although often placed in a different genus from dill, fennel is so closely related to dill that the two will hybridize if planted close together. Like dill, both the leaves and fruits of fennel are used medicinally and as a flavoring. Fennel was known to the Classical Greeks and Romans, while to the Saxons it was one of the nine sacred herbs used to combat the nine causes of disease. India exports one to two thousand tons of fennel seed annually.

See: Plants as Medicines, p. 214; Herbs and Vegetables, p. 103

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