Zoapatle Montanoa tomentosa Asteraceae

Zoapatle or cihuapatli (cihuatl, woman and patli, medicine) is a classic example of a women's medicine and the main uses have been retained by the indigenous Mexican populations at least since the Aztec period. Sahagun described the use of its root for inducing labor ("which has the virtue to bring the new-born out") and in combination with the Mesoamerican sweatbath temazcal. It was so famous with the midwives of this period that it was rapidly accepted as a medicine for regulating "menstrual irregularities" by the Spanish conquistadors. However, the very nature of its use made it a very controversial remedy, and even though it is still commonly used in Mexico, it is not currently used in biomedicine.

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