Meditation Mastery Secrets
As they compromise their positions and change their views, mothers allow their children to make more of their own decisions about where they will go and with whom they will associate. Mothers sometimes refer to this as letting go and hoping that their children will do the right things. However, mothers often find it difficult to know when to let go. In the following extract, a mother indicates that she lets go when her children prove themselves, but she is not clear on when this is. Another mother also spoke of letting go and the role her husband played in this process. Several other mothers in families where fathers were involved in raising the children spoke of relying on the father's advice about when to let go. On the other hand, several mothers reported that fathers also worried about aspects of letting go, particularly about letting their daughters go out with boys. Further research is needed to understand the gendered aspects of raising teenage children when do fathers become...
editation is a type of mind-body therapy, a class of therapies that also includes biofeedback, hypnosis, and guided imagery. For thousands of years, meditation has been practiced in some form, especially in the context of religious practice. Also, meditation is one of several components of some complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies, including Ayurveda (which uses transcendental meditation or TM) and traditional Chinese medicine. Meditation is a way of producing the relaxation response, which has been described extensively by Dr. Herbert Benson at the Harvard Medical School and The Mind Body Medical Institute. The relaxation response is a state of relaxation associated with decreased anxiety, muscle relaxation, and lowering of blood pressure. It is believed to be the opposite of the physiologic response known as the fight-or-flight response, characterized by the activation or stimulation of multiple body processes, such as increases in heart rate, blood pressure, and...
No large published clinical studies have specifically investigated the effect of Ayurveda on MS or its symptoms. Some components of Ayurveda have been investigated individually. These include massage, meditation, and yoga, all of which are discussed elsewhere in this book. These therapies may be helpful for some symptoms that occur with MS, including fatigue, spasticity, pain, depression, and anxiety.
There has been a recent surge of interest in the mind body connection by physicians to see if positive health effects can be obtained from relaxation techniques such as meditation. The increasing complexity and pace of life and the awareness that long-term stress has a negative physiological effect on the body have triggered the exploration of relaxation techniques. By combining knowledge of meditative techniques from Eastern cultures with Western scientific techniques, doctors have developed a form of meditation that may have positive effects on blood pressure and heart disease. Meditation appears to lower metabolism decreasing breathing rate, heart rate, and blood pressure. An understanding of the connection between the mind and the body becomes clearer as new techniques are found to examine and to measure the nervous system's subtle control over changes in the circulatory system. The positive response of the circulatory system to a variety of relaxation techniques, such as...
Sussman, Dent, and Lichtman (2000) designed an innovative school quit-smoking program that featured interactive activities, such as games and talk shows, alternative medicine techniques (i.e., yoga, relaxation, and meditation), and behavioral strategies for smoking cessation. Two hundred and fifty-nine students enrolled in the program at 12 schools and another 76 students served as standard care controls (smoking status surveyed at baseline and at 3 months). Objective measures of cigarette smoking were used. Elective class credit and class release time were offered for participation in the program.
Meditation may be done independently by following techniques described in books such as The Relaxation Response. Classes in meditation techniques often are available through hospitals, health clubs, and community centers. Individual classes are typically 30 to 90 minutes in length and cost 60 to 150 per session. Group sessions are 60 minutes and cost 15 to 35. If meditation is pursued, it is important to keep in mind that it often does not have immediate effects. It may take several weeks or months of practice to achieve significant relaxation.
Different methods of comfort care such as pastoral care, hypnosis, music, relaxation, meditation, writing, and art can be incorporated with much success, and these methods need to be integrated and offered to persons during the entire course of their illness on a routine basis (Cohen, 1999). Depression, anxiety, pain, and other mental health disorders need to be addressed with both psychotherapy and pharmaco-therapy using multiple models, including crisis, individual, group, and family therapy, over the entire spectrum of illness. Integration of spiritual care has been shown to provide comfort and solace to persons suffering with cancer (Saunders, 1988 Jacox et al., 1994). Attempts to provide these interventions across the spectrum of HIV illness will improve the seamless attention given to the associated suffering and distress.
Cognitive effects of normal aging, mild cognitive impairment, senile dementia, traumatic brain and closed head injuries, mortality, under-nutrition and malnutrition in children, eating disorders, parasitic infections, neurological effects of HIV and AIDS, drug effects and addictions, multiple sclerosis, sleep disorders, diabetes, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), stroke, vascular dementia, degenerative brain diseases associated with aging (Huntington, Alzheimer, Parkinson), epilepsy, chronic fatigue syndrome, hypoxia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psychiatric disorders (anxiety, schizophrenia, depression, bipolar), yoga and meditation, chemical, pharmaceutical, and nutriceutical (e.g., Gingko biloba) agents.
Variable results have been obtained in studies of the effects of prayer on other medical conditions. Anxiety and depression, which may occur with MS, may be reduced in those who pray. For anxiety, a therapeutic effect of prayer could be due to the fact that prayer, like meditation, elicits relaxation (see the chapter on Meditation ).
Until the past few decades, ideas about grief were dominated by psychoanalytic thinking that included several basic assumptions. Effective grief was considered to require a period of emotionally intense grief work that progressed to resolution. If grief work was not done, a delayed grief reaction could be expected. If grief work was not effective, the bereaved individual would experience unresolved, incomplete, or pathological grief. There was a belief that one could not move on until the attachment to the deceased was relinquished, a process often referred to as letting go. The origin of a pathological grief reaction was considered to reside in an ambivalent relationship to the deceased. Data were not available when these ideas were formulated. Now that empirical evidence is accumulating, many of the findings challenge these basic assumptions. other data challenge the idea that detachment from the deceased (i.e., letting go ) is the optimal outcome (Field, Nichols, Holen, & Horowitz,...
Tity is considered unimportant, patients are less likely to manifest overt resistance. Rather than emphasize powerlessness, this approach assumes that people have within themselves the capacity to change. Although the efficacy of MET MI for cocaine abusers has yet to be proven, it would appear that its unique focus on readiness should, at minimum, help patients to engage in other forms of therapy. In addition, a few studies have begun to support the use of MET MI for treatment of cocaine abuse and dependence. In a small study examining 27 female workers with concurrent cocaine or heroin dependence, MI significantly reduced the women's cocaine use (Yahne, Miller, Irvin-Vitela, & Tonigan, 2002). Similarly, compared to patients who only underwent a detoxification program, patients who also received MI were more likely to be abstinent from cocaine following detoxification and demonstrated higher abstinence rates throughout the following relapse prevention treatment. In addition, MI was...
Religiomania has long served as a cure for dipsomania and narcotomania. Opium addicts in Asia have gone to Buddhist monasteries in the hope that worship, meditation, or clerical asceticism would cure them, which it sometimes did (Westermeyer, 1982). Many Latin Americans and Native Americans with high rates of alcoholism have abandoned Catholicism and Anglicanism in favor of abstinence-prescribing fundamentalist Christian sects and the Native American Church (Albaugh & Anderson, 1974 Hippler, 1973). Children raised in these sects are taught the importance of lifelong abstinence from alcohol and other drugs of abuse. Despite this childhood socialization, those leaving these sects as adults can develop substance use disorders. Thus, the effects of various religions in preventing substance abuse disorders appear to persist only as long as one is actively affiliated with the group.
Ayurveda consists of several components. As in traditional Chinese medicine, pulse and tongue evaluation are important for diagnosis. Diet, exercise, lifestyle changes, and specific supplements are used therapeutically. Yoga, breathing exercises, massage, and meditation, discussed elsewhere in this book, are also components of Ayurveda. One type of Ayurvedic meditation, transcendental meditation (TM), was popularized by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. Another important aspect of Ayurveda, panchakarma, is used for disease prevention. Panchakarma means five processes and includes massages, sweat baths, vomiting, enemas, and bloodletting (through the use of leeches). Two primary types of Ayurveda are practiced outside India. Maharishi Ayur-Veda was started by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and relies heavily on meditation. The other Ayurvedic school, advocated by Dr. Deepak Chopra, uses meditation in conjunction with other Ayurvedic methods.
Either the mental state returns to normal in a few days (neuro-vegetative and psychological symptoms subside, the individual is no longer entirely preoccupied by the event and can resume his previous activities), or a psychotraumatic syndrome appears, characterized by the re-experience of the event, avoidance of stimuli reminiscent of the trauma, hyperreactivity, and constant preoccupation with the trauma. Psychotraumatic symptoms may appear only after weeks, or months. This is the so-called ''latency period'', which had been identified in traumatic neurosis by Charcot and Janet, and called period of incubation, contemplation, meditation or rumination. The duration of this period is variable each individual needs a different amount of time to organize new defense mechanisms. Furthermore, if the individual is still hospitalized, he may wait till he recovers his autonomy to start coping with the trauma. ICD-10 and DSM-IV propose the diagnostic term ''post-traumatic stress disorder''...
Well as decreased mood disturbance and anxious mood (Cruess et al., 2000a) in HIV-positive patients. A similar study demonstrated that behavioral stress management techniques such as self-induced relaxation using progressive muscle relaxation, electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback, self-hypnosis, and meditation resulted in improvement in anxiety, mood, and self-esteem (Taylor, 1995). Lutgendorf and colleagues (1998) also observed improvement in cognitive coping strategies, namely positive reframing and acceptance in addition to improvements in social supports.
The treatment focused on (1) identifying and counteracting her trauma-related emotional, cognitive, and behavioral avoidance activities (2) identifying existing coping skills, which would provide evidence that she was not as helpless- hopeless as she felt herself to be (3) providing motivation for her to give up her identity as a victim by identifying alternative interpersonal schemas and behaviors that would support connection to others and the development of healthy, nonabusive relationships and (4) further motivating letting go of her identify as victim via realistic appraisals of success and competence in day-to-day life rather than only in traumatic circumstances.
Meditation, relaxation The negative impact of HIV-related fatigue on quality of life has been emphasized throughout this chapter. Addressing the consequences of fatigue is also crucial to improve the patient's quality of life. Treatment of fatigue should not merely involve the restoration or amelioration of energy, but also the preservation of energy to improve the patient's level of functioning. This may entail appropriate rest, pacing of energy-consuming activities, stress reduction, meditation or relaxation techniques, aerobic exercise (if it is not contraindicated), and participation in pleasurable activities. Counseling and communication can help patients re-prioritize their activities, adjust to their limitations, and restructure their goals and expectations
If the 1960s were the Dark Ages and the 1970s were the Middle Ages, the 1980s were the Renaissance, the Baroque Period, and the Enlightenment all rolled into one. The decade of the 1980s was when the various approaches of quantum chemistry, molecular mechanics, molecular simulations, QSAR, and molecular graphics coalesced into modern computational chemistry.
T'ai chi, also known as t'ai chi ch'uan, was developed in China hundreds of years ago and is a component of traditional Chinese medicine. On the surface, t'ai chi appears to be simply slow body movements. In practice, it may provide some of the physical benefits of exercise and the relaxation effects of meditation. T'ai chi has been widely practiced in China for centuries and has recently become popular in the United States.
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