Disorders Associated with Blepharospasm

Blepharospasm is an involuntary, spasmodic closure of the eyelids that is preceded by increasing frequency and force of blinking. It is a form of focal dystonia, and in most cases, no cause can be found (essential blepharospasm). Combined with oromandibular dystonia, this is sometimes known as Meige's syndrome.

Tardive dyskinesia and dystonia

Parkinson's disease

Wilson's disease

Progressive supranuclear palsy

Schwartz-Jampel syndrome

Myotonia

Tetanus

Tetany

Ocular disorders (anterior chamber disease)

Midbrain disease (infarction or demyelination)

Encephalitis

Reflex blepharospasm

Functional (hysterical)

Hemifacial spasm

Habit spasms

Ticks (e.g., Tourette's syndrome) Autoimmune disorders

- Sjögren's syndrome

- Systemic lupus erythematosus

- Myasthenia gravis Drugs

- Antihistamines

- Sympatheticomimetics

- Antipsychotics

0 0

Post a comment