C

CAD (coronary artery disease), 248-252

CAGE questionnaire, 53

Calcitonin hypercalcemia, 436 Paget's disease, 687 thyroid cancer, 897 Calcium deficiency, 473-477 excess, 433-437 hyperphosphatemia, 463 hypomagnesemia, 488 hypoparathyroidism, 495-496 multiple myeloma, 625 normal, 434-435, 459-460 pancreatitis, 695

supplemental, 476, 496-497, 675 Calcium channel blockers aortic valve insufficiency, 90 atrial dysrhythmias, 117 cerebral aneurysm, 202 hypertension, 468 junctional dysrhythmias, 547 mitral stenosis, 619 preterm labor, 774 subarachnoid hemorrhage, 860 Calcium gluconate hyperkalemia, 445-446 hypermagnesemia, 453 preeclampsia, 762 Calculi gallbladder, 223-226 renal, 171-174 Campylobacter infection, 365, 366 Cancer bile duct, 353-356 bladder, 126-130 bone, 135-139, 135t-136t brain, 142-148, 143t-144t breast, 148-155, 151t, 152t cervical, 212-216, 214t colorectal, 240-244 endometrial, 923-928, 925t-926t esophageal, 333-337 gallbladder, 353-356 gastric, 356-360 kidney, 549-552 laryngeal, 553-556 lung, 576-581 ovarian, 680-684 pancreatic, 688-692 plasma cell, 623-727, 623t prostate, 776-781 renal, 549-552 skin, 848-853 testicular, 879-883 thyroid, 895-899 uterine, 923-928, 925t-926t vaginal, 929-932 Candidiasis, 174-177, 932 Capsaicin, 423 Carbidopa-levodopa, 700 Carbohydrate deficient transferrin, 39 Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors cataract, 198 glaucoma, 373 Carboprost, 757 Carboxyhemoglobin, 168 Carcinoembryonic antigen bladder cancer, 128 colorectal cancer, 242 Cardiac catheterization aortic insufficiency, 89 aortic stenosis, 92 cardiomyopathy, 191 mitral insufficiency, 614 mitral stenosis, 618 Cardiac conduction system, 939f Cardiac (myocardial) contusion, 177-181,

178t-179t Cardiac standstill, 938-943, 940t Cardiac tamponade, 178t, 181-185, 181t Cardiogenic shock, 185-189 Cardiomyopathy, 189-193, 190t Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 942-943 Carpal tunnel syndrome, 193-196 Cataract, 196-199 CD4 T-cell count, 28 CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) bladder cancer, 128 colorectal cancer, 242 Cefotetan, 708 Cefoxitin chorioamnionitis, 229

pelvic inflammatory disease, 708

958 Index

Ceftriaxone gonorrhea, 383 urinary tract infection, 917 Central cord syndrome, 853-857, 853t, 856b Central diabetes insipidus, 279-282 Cephalexin monohydrate cystitis, 267

urinary tract infection, 917 Cephalosporins gonorrhea, 383 urinary tract infection, 917 Cerclage, 218, 219 Cerebral aneurysm, 199-203, 200t Cerebral concussion, 203-206 Cerebral perfusion pressure, 857-858 Cerebral vasospasm, 858 Cerebrospinal fluid examination encephalitis, 316 Guillain-Barré syndrome, 386 meningitis, 607 multiple sclerosis, 634 tetanus, 885 Cerebrovascular accident, 207-211, 208t Cervical cancer, 212-216, 214t Cervical incompetence (insufficiency), 216-219 Cesarean section, 17 CFTR gene, 262 Chandelier's sign, 213 Cheiloplasty, 239 Chemical burns, 165-170 Chemotherapy acute leukemia, 565, 566 basal cell carcinoma, 121 biliary tract cancer, 355 bladder cancer, 129 bone cancer, 138 brain cancer, 147 breast cancer, 152, 153 cervical cancer, 215 chronic leukemia, 570 colorectal cancer, 243 esophageal cancer, 336 gastric cancer, 359 Hodgkin's disease, 427, 428 lung cancer, 579, 580 melanoma, 604 multiple myeloma, 626 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, 592 ovarian cancer, 682, 683 pancreatic cancer, 691 prostate cancer, 779 skin cancer, 851, 852

testicular cancer, 882 uterine cancer, 927 vaginal cancer, 931 Chest pain, 76-81,249, 251 Chest physiotherapy bronchitis, 161 cystic fibrosis, 262, 263 Chest radiography. See Radiography Chlamydia trachomatis infection, 219-223 Chloride deficiency, 477-480 excess, 437-439 hypernatremia, 456 replacement, 479 Chlorpropamide, 280 Cholecystectomy, 225, 226, 355 Cholecystitis, 223-226 Cholelithiasis, 223-226 Cholesterol, 250, 449, 467 Choline magnesium trisalicylate, 584 Chondrosarcoma, 135-139, 135t Chordoma, 135-139, 136t Chorea, 819-820 Chorioamnionitis, 227-230 Chronic fatigue immune dysfunction syndrome,

230-233, 232b Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),

21, 310-314 Chvostek's sign, 475, 495 Cigarette smoking cessation, 4 Ciprofloxacin prostatitis, 783 urinary tract infection, 917 Cirrhosis, 233-237, 234b Cisapride, 370 Cisplatin cervical cancer, 215 ovarian cancer, 683 testicular cancer, 882 uterine cancer, 927 Claudication, intermittent, 103, 105 Cleft lip/palate, 237-240 Clindamycin, 708

Clostridium botulinum infection, 139-142 Clostridium tetani infection, 883-887 Clotrimazole, 176

CMV (cytomegalovirus) infection, 271-274 Coagulation, intravascular, disseminated,

295-299 Coagulation disorders congenital, 400-403 preeclampsia, 760

Cocaine abuse, 784-789, 786t Colitis granulomatous, 252-256 ulcerative, 911-914 Colonoscopy colorectal cancer, 242 Crohn's disease, 254 irritable bowel syndrome, 543 ulcerative colitis, 912 Colorectal cancer, 240-244 Colostomy, 243, 244, 946 Colporrhaphy, 269 Colposcopy, 213, 930 Complete blood count acute leukemia, 565 anorexia nervosa, 86 aplastic anemia, 96 appendicitis, 100 bulimia nervosa, 163 chronic leukemia, 569 gunshot wound, 391 hemothorax, 408 infectious mononucleosis, 621 iron deficiency anemia, 539 Mallory-Weiss syndrome, 596 multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, 629

polycythemia, 752 sickle cell disease, 844 Computed tomography abdominal aortic aneurysm, 2 abdominal trauma, 8 biliary tract cancer, 354 bone cancer, 137 brain cancer, 146 cerebral aneurysm, 201 cerebral concussion, 205 cerebrovascular accident, 209 diffuse axonal injury, 289 disk herniation, 416 diverticular disease, 301 epidural hematoma, 327 gunshot wound, 391 hemothorax, 408 Hodgkin's disease, 426 intracerebral hematoma, 529 kidney cancer, 550 lung cancer, 578 multiple myeloma, 625 musculoskeletal trauma, 643 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, 591 Paget's disease, 686

pancreatic cancer, 690 pancreatitis, 695 pelvic fracture, 703 pericarditis, 715 pheochromocytoma, 725 polycystic kidney disease, 748 renal calculi, 172 spinal cord injury, 855 subarachnoid hemorrhage, 859 subdural hematoma, 863 thoracic aortic aneurysm, 889 urinary tract trauma, 920 Concussion, cerebral, 203-206 Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, 478 Congestive heart failure, 179t, 395-399, 657

Conjunctivitis, gonorrheal, 382 Continuous hemofiltration, 812 Continuous positive airway pressure, 112 Contusion, cardiac (myocardial), 177-181, 178t-179t

COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease),

21, 310-314 Cor pulmonale, 245-248 Coronary artery bypass grafting, 251 Coronary artery disease, 248-252 Corticosteroids acute adrenal crisis, 36 adrenal insufficiency, 47, 48b allergic purpura, 57 amyloidosis, 68 aplastic anemia, 97 asthma, 109

blood transfusion reaction, 134

cerebral aneurysm, 202

chronic leukemia, 570

Crohn's disease, 255

degenerative joint disease, 277

emphysema, 313

fat embolism, 343

Guillain-Barre syndrome, 387

hemorrhoids, 405

hyperparathyroidism, 461

idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura, 513

laryngotracheobronchitis, 559

lupus erythematosus, 584

multiple sclerosis, 635

myasthenia gravis, 648

patient teaching, 48b

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, 739

pulmonary fibrosis, 795

rheumatoid arthritis, 825

960 Index

Corticosteroids (continued) sarcoidosis, 836 Sjogren's syndrome, 847 spinal cord injury, 856 tuberculosis, 909 ulcerative colitis, 913 Cortisol deficiency, 34-37, 44-48 excess, 256-260 normal, 36, 46 Co-trimoxazole cystitis, 267

urinary tract infection, 917 CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation),

942-943 C-reactive protein, 707 Creatine kinase angina pectoris, 79 cardiac contusion, 179 myocardial infarction, 652 myocarditis, 656 Creatinine clearance, 376 Creatinine levels acute glomerulonephritis, 376 acute renal failure, 807 chronic renal failure, 812 hydronephrosis, 431 hypertension, 467 preeclampsia, 760 Cretinism, 501

Cricopharyngeal myotomy, 339 Crohn's disease, 252-256 Croup, 556-560, 557t Cryoprecipitate, 402 Cryosurgery cervical cancer, 214 hemorrhoids, 405 Cullen sign, 8, 694 Cushing's syndrome, 256-260 Cyclopentolate hydrochloride, 817 Cyclophosphamide nephrotic syndrome, 661 pulmonary fibrosis, 795 Cyclosporine, 847 Cyproheptadine, 259 Cystectomy, 128-130 Cystic fibrosis, 260-264 Cystitis, 264-267 Cystocele, 268-271 Cystometry, 665 Cystoscopy, 128

Cytomegalovirus infection, 271-274

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