Causes

C. trachomatis is an obligate, gram-negative, intracellular bacterium with several different immunotypes. It resembles a virus in that it requires a tissue culture for isolation, but like a bacteria, it has RNA and DNA and is susceptible to antibiotics. It is transmitted through sexual intercourse and from mother to fetus during birth. The chlamydial infection exists in two forms: The elementary bodies are the infectious particles that enter uninfected cells; and the reticulate bodies are an active form of the organism that reproduce and form more elementary bodies that are released from the bursting infected cell and can then infect other cells. Replication begins only 12 hours after invasion. The pathogen invades and reproduces inside of the cells that line the cervix, endometrium, fallopian tubes, and urethra. Symptoms can occur after a 1- to 3-week incubation period; however, overt symptoms often occur late in the disease.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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