Causes

Hypoparathyroidism can be classified as idiopathic, acquired, or reversible. Idiopathic hypoparathy-roidism has an unknown cause with an unspecified origin. Acquired hypoparathyroidism is irreversible and is most commonly caused by damage to or removal of the parathyroid gland therapeutically. Acquired hypoparathyroidism may also occur as an iatrogenic complication during thyroid or other neck surgery in about 1% to 3% of all patients postoperatively, but with repeated neck explorations, the incidence increases to 10%.

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