Diagnostic Highlights

General Comments: The diagnosis of mastitis is made based on the presenting symptoms and lactation history. Mammography is generally not used to diagnose mastitis, unless malignancy is suspected.

Test

Normal Result

Abnormality with Condition

Explanation

Culture of the breast milk

No growth

Shows growth of the organism causing the infection; confirms the diagnosis

Determines the appropriate antibiotic to treat the infection

Bacterial colony count

No growth

>1000/mL

Indicates the presence of infection

White blood cells

5000-10,000/pL

>10,000/|jL

Increase in WBCs indicates the magnitude of the infection

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