Diagnostic Highlights

Test

Normal Result

Abnormality with Condition

Explanation

Flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy Barium enema

Visualization of normal sigmoid and colon

Normal abdominal structures

Intense spastic contractions; mucosa appears normal (smooth and pink)

Colonic spasms may occur during procedure; may have a normal exam

Flexible sigmoidoscopy in adults younger than 40; colonoscopy in adults older than 40 years Identifies colonic spasms and rules out other pathology

Other Tests: Complete blood count, serologic tests, serum albumin, stool for guaiac (occult blood), abdominal x-ray

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