Discharge And Home Healthcare Guidelines

PREVENTION. Instruct the patient to avoid sexual contact for at least 2 weeks or as prescribed by the physician. Tell the patient to contact the physician if any new lesions or rashes are noted. Teach the patient how to prevent infection from STIs through safer sex practices.

MEDICATIONS. Teach the patient the purpose, dosage, schedule, precautions, and potential side effects, interactions, and adverse reactions of all prescribed medications. Recommend that patients treated as outpatients wait in the clinic or office for at least 30 minutes after administration of penicillin IM or IV to make sure there is no allergic reaction. Instruct patients given oral tetracycline to take the medication 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals and to avoid dairy products, antacids, iron, and sunlight while taking the drug.

PATIENT TEACHING. Teach the patient the importance of follow-up care, and make sure the patient knows the dates and times for follow-up appointments. Teach the patient the cause, symptoms, and mode of transmission for syphilis. Emphasize the importance of testing and treating all of the patient's sexual partners; urge the patient to provide the names of sexual partners.

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