Discharge And Home Healthcare Guidelines

Although no specific adaptive structural changes need to be made, near the time of discharge assess the patient's individual needs. Because organ dysfunction or failure is individualized, home care preparation should be based on meeting the individual's needs. Be sure the patient understands all medications prescribed, including dosage, route, action, and side effects.

Describe the importance of avoiding fatigue and taking frequent rests. Teach the patient to eat small, frequent meals to maintain adequate nutrition. Teach the patient any needed postoperative care: incision care, signs and symptoms of infection, pain management, activity restrictions. Also teach the patient the signs and symptoms of infection and when to report them to the primary healthcare provider.

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