Discharge And Home Healthcare Guidelines

Acute Alcohol Intoxication

DRG Category: 434 Mean LOS: 4.9 days Description: MEDICAL: Alcohol/Drug Abuse or Dependence, Detoxification, or Other Symptoms Treated with CC

38 Acute Alcohol Intoxication

The cardiovascular system becomes depressed, leading to depression of the vasomotor center in the brain and to hypotension. Conversely, in some individuals, intoxication causes the release of catecholamines from adrenal glands, which leads to hypertension. Intoxication depresses leukocyte movement into areas of inflammation, depresses platelet function, and leads to fibrinogen and clotting factor deficiency, thrombocytopenia, and decreased platelet function.

The effects on the gastrointestinal (GI) system include stimulation of gastric secretions, mucosal irritation, cessation of motor function of the gut, and delayed absorption. Pylorospasm and vomiting may occur.

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