Discharge And Home Healthcare Guidelines

Teach the patient to eat foods high in magnesium and to eat several small meals. Tell him or her to use any prescribed antiemetics before eating if nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea is a problem. Teach the signs and symptoms of hypomagnesemia (changes in level of consciousness, neuro-muscular weakness), and instruct the patient to notify the physician if these return.

Explain any oral magnesium supplements, including the dosage, action, adverse effects, and need for routine laboratory monitoring if hypomagnesemia is a chronic problem. Explain that many of the magnesium-containing antacids may cause diarrhea, and instruct the patient to notify the physician if this occurs. Teach the use of assistive devices (cane or walker). The patient should also be taught muscle-strengthening exercises and may need a home care evaluation before discharge.

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