Discharge And Home Healthcare Guidelines

Acquired

DRG Category: 490

Mean LOS: 5.1 days

Description: MEDICAL: HIV with or without

Syndrome

DRG Category: 489

Mean LOS: 8.3 days

Description: MEDICAL: HIV with Major Related

Related Conditions

Conditions

^Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the final result of an infection with a retrovirus, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). AIDS is a disease rather than a syndrome, which is a term used to refer to collections of symptoms that do not have an easily identifiable

26 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome cause. This name was more appropriate in the early years of the AIDS epidemic, when healthcare providers were aware only of the late stages of the disease and did not fully understand its mechanisms. The more current name for the condition is HIV disease, which refers to the pathogen that causes AIDS and encompasses all the phases of the disease, from infection to the deterioration of the immune system. AIDS is still the name that most people use to refer to the immune deficiency caused by HIV.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) first described AIDS in 1981, and since then the disease has become one of the most widely publicized and feared diseases of our time. Experts suggest that more than 1 million Americans and 40 million people worldwide are infected with HIV. More than 95% of those people infected are in developing nations. The CDC proposed a four-stage classification for the phases of HIV infection (Table 5).

• TABLE 5 Proposed CDC Four-Stage Classification for the Phases of HIV Infection
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