Effects of Continual Drinking

• Liver cells enlarge because of accumulation of lipids.

• Enlarged liver cells rupture.

• Fatty contents from ruptured liver cells form fatty cysts.

• Cells between adjoining veins in the liver are linked by developing fibrosis.

• Continued scarring and necrosis lead to the liver shrinking.

• Liver function decreases or ceases.

• Obstructed flow of blood leads to increased pressure in the portal vein (portal hypertension).

• Blood backs up in the liver and spleen.

• Veins in the abdomen, rectum, and esophagus dilate.

• The congestion of blood in the liver leads to the leakage of plasma into the peritoneal cavity.

• The liver's production of albumin decreases.

• Decreased serum albumin levels allow more water to move into other body compartments.

• Renin and aldosterone production levels increase, leading to water and sodium retention.

• Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, results.

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