Gender Ethnicracial And Life Span Considerations

Toxoplasmosis can occur in at-risk patients of any age and both genders and in all racial and ethnic populations. Neonatal toxoplasmosis may occur as a result of acute maternal infection during pregnancy. Congenitally infected infants who are symptomatic at birth have an 80% chance of developing severe disabilities, such as mental retardation, epilepsy, spasticity, palsies, and impaired vision. As individuals age, most develop antitoxoplasma antibodies. Adults with multiple organ involvement are at high risk for mortality or permanent organ failure. Death is almost a certainty in patients with AIDS with toxoplasmic encephalitis; mean survival for treated patients is 7 to 16 months.

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