Gender Ethnicracial And Life Span Considerations

DI may occur at any age and in both genders, depending on the underlying cause, although males are slightly more likely to develop the condition than are females. Infants and the elderly exhibit more symptoms because they are less able to adjust to changes in fluid status. A temporary form of DI can occur during the fifth or sixth month of pregnancy but usually disappears spontaneously after delivery.

Primary neonatal DI occurs as a result of a congenital defect in newborns. In children, DI is most frequently caused by tumors of the hypothalmus (craniopharyngiomas in particular). In

280 Diabetes Insipidus children, a history of ocular abnormalities or growth failure can be suggestive of a midbrain tumor that leads to DI. Enuresis (involuntary discharge of urine after a child is toilet-trained), irritability, excessive thirst, and a preference for ice water in children are all signs of DI. There are no known identified racial or ethnic considerations associated with DI.

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