Gender Ethnicracial And Life Span Considerations

Hypocalcemia can occur at any age, in both sexes, and in all races and ethnicities, but infants, children, and the elderly are at high risk. In infants, it occurs when cow's milk formula with a high concentration of phosphate is given. The large bone turnover during growth spurts accounts for hypocalcemia in children, especially if their calcium intake is deficient. Osteoporosis in the elderly is associated with a lifetime low intake of calcium, which leads to a total body calcium deficit.

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