Genetic Considerations

No clear genetic contributions to susceptibility have been defined.

GENDER, ETHNIC/RACIAL, AND LIFE SPAN CONSIDERATIONS

Traumatic injuries, which are usually preventable, are the leading cause of death in the first four decades of life. Most blunt abdominal trauma is associated with MVCs, which in the 15- to 24-year-old age group are two to three times more common in males than females. In the 15- to 34-year-old age group, whites have a death rate from MVCs that is 40% higher than that of blacks/African Americans. Penetrating injuries from gunshot wounds and stab wounds, which are on the increase in U.S. preteens and young adults, are more common in blacks/African Americans than whites.

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