Drug Class





Varies with drug

Third-generation cephalosporin cefotaxime; other antibiotics might be used such as cefoxitin or ampicillin with an aminoglycoside

Halt the growth of bacteria and cause bacterial lysis


Varies with drug

Meperidine (Demerol), morphine, fentanyl

Relieve pain; until a firm diagnosis is made, analgesia may be withheld to prevent its masking significant changes in the patient's condition


Nursing care focuses on providing a stable, comfortable environment for the patient, who is experiencing both physical and psychological stress. To provide relief from pain, maintain bedrest and place the patient in the semi-Fowler position, which helps the patient breathe more deeply. Offer regular oral hygiene and lubrications to counteract mouth and nose dryness that are caused by fever, dehydration, and NG intubation. Provide psychological support by encouraging questions and verbalization of the patient's anxieties and concerns. Teach the patient about peritonitis and what caused it in his or her case, explaining the necessary treatment.

For patients who are undergoing surgery, provide teaching before surgery. Answer questions about the surgical procedure and the potential complications. Review postoperative care procedures. Teach the patient deep-breathing and coughing exercises. Explain the duration of the patient's hospital stay after surgery, which varies depending on the underlying cause. Postoperatively, because even slight movements intensify the patient's pain, move the patient carefully. Keep the bed's side rails up and implement other safety measures, particularly if fever and pain

Breath Modulation Tools

Breath Modulation Tools

Grab This Breath Modulation Audio Product Right Now And Unlock The Secrets To Achieving Success With Audio. What If You Have All The Tools And Techniques You Will Ever Need To Change Your Success And Health And Share That With Others? This Product Will Do Just That.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment