Prophylaxis of neonatal conjunctivitis


Because patients are often asymptomatic, nurses need to identify those patients at risk for chlamydial infections and recommend screening. Prevention is an important nursing intervention. Teach patients that monogamous relationships with uninfected partners, use of mechanical barriers, and simultaneously treating the partner to prevent reinfection are ways to prevent transmission of C. trachomatis. Emphasize that it is possible for them to carry and transmit the bacteria, even if they are asymptomatic.

Since a chlamydial infection is easily cured by antibiotics, teach the patient about taking the medications properly. Instruct patients to take all medication until the course of treatment is finished, even if the symptoms subside. Explain that the patient should abstain from intercourse until all medication is gone to prevent reinfection. For discomfort, teach the patient about warm sitz baths and taking prescribed analgesics as ordered.

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