Primary Nursing Diagnosis

Ineffective airway clearance related to increased production of secretions and increased viscosity

OUTCOMES. Respiratory status: Gas exchange; Respiratory status: Ventilation; Symptom control behavior; Treatment behavior: Illness or injury; Comfort level

INTERVENTIONS. Airway management; Anxiety reduction; Oxygen therapy; Airway suctioning; Airway insertion and stabilization; Cough enhancement; Mechanical ventilation; Positioning; Respiratory monitoring


Bacterial pneumonia is treated with medications. Physicians may request regular measurements of peak and trough levels, especially for patients who are receiving aminoglycosides, which can produce severe side effects such as renal failure and hearing loss. Many patients need oxygen therapy, even intubation and mechanical ventilation. High fever may be treated with antipyretics or IV hydration to replace fluid loss. Percussion and postural drainage may be prescribed to assist the patient in expectorating secretions.

Pharmacologic Highlights

Medication or

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