Primary Nursing Diagnosis

Pain (acute) related to fracture

OUTCOMES. Comfort level; Pain control behavior; Pain level; Symptom control behavior; Symptom severity; Well-being

INTERVENTIONS. Pain management; Analgesic administration; Cutaneous stimulation; Touch; Exercise therapy; Progressive muscle relaxation


Nonsurgical management is directed to measures that retard bone resorption, form new bone tissue, and reduce the chance of fracture. These goals are often met through pharmacologic therapy. For the patient who has had a fracture, pain medication is prescribed to relieve pain, and a diet high in protein, vitamin C, and iron is recommended to promote bone healing. Orthotic devices are ordered to stabilize the spine and reduce pain.

Consult with the physical therapist to develop an exercise plan that includes weight-bearing and strengthening exercises. Consult with the occupational therapist if self-care assistive devices are needed. Generally, bowling and horseback riding are discouraged. If your assessment indicates that the patient's home environment places him or her at risk, consult with social services or a public health nurse.

Pharmacologic Highlights

Medication or

100 Bowling Tips

100 Bowling Tips

Playing bowling with your friends can help you decide if it is indeed the hobby that you want to invest your time on today. Aside from that, it can help you get a better feel of the sport. More importantly, when you play with your friends, it would become a more fun activity, which you can look forward to each week.

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