Primary Nursing Diagnosis

Risk for infection related to immune deficiency

OUTCOMES. Immune status; Respiratory status: Gas exchange; Respiratory status: Ventilation; Thermoregulation

INTERVENTIONS. Infection control; Infection protection; Respiratory monitoring; Temperature regulation

U PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION Collaborative

Much of the collaborative management is based on pharmacologic therapy (see below). Supportive management consists of treatment of malignancies with chemotherapy and irradiation, treatment of infections as they develop, and the management of discomfort with analgesia. Surgical management may be needed to excise lesions from Kaposi's sarcoma or to drain abscesses. If the patient becomes short of breath, oxygen is often prescribed to improve gas exchange. Dietary support is important in the treatment of HIV infection and AIDS throughout the progression of the illness.

Pharmacologic Highlights

Antiretroviral therapies are grouped Into four categories and should always be used In

combination. Introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is capable of

maximally suppressing viral replication. The clinical benefits of HAART are significant

and durable. Drugs have important interactions with other medication. Interactions

need to be reviewed carefully.

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