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Ambiguous genitalia, 128 Amenorrhea primary, 1 2.6 secondary, 125-126, 131 Amphetamine abuse, I 2.0 Amrinone, intravenous therapy for shock, 16 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, 93 Analysis of variance (ANOVA), î Ï0 Anemia causes of, 52-55 definition of, 51 diagnostic steps, 5 1 -S 1 hemolytic anemia, 52. screening in children, 182 Angina stable, 18 unstable, 19 van am , J 9 Ankylosing spondylitis, arthritis with, 48 Anorexia, 119

Anterior cruciate ligament, 1 62 Anticoagulation therapy, 20 -21 Antidotes, table of, 186 Antipsychotic medications extrapyramidal side effects, 114-types of, 114 Aortic aneurysm. See Abdominal aortic aneurysm Aortic rupture, 152 APGAR score, 1 84 Aplastic anemia, 55 Appendicitis, 148 Arrhythmia causes of^ 23 ËKG abnormalities, 22 treatments for, 2.2. Arthritis, 47 -48 Ascites, 34 Aspirin protective effects, 189 toxicity, 188-189 Asthma, 2 5

Atherosclerosis, 6

Atopic dermatitis, 80

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

(ADHD), 119 Attributable risk, 108 Autism, 119

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, 54

Babinski's sign, 203 Baldness, 83 Barbiturate abuse, 121 Barrett's esophagus, 3 5 Basal cell cancer, skin, 85 Basilar skull fracture, 166 Basophilia, 56

Beck Depression Inventory, 1 I 8 Beck's triad, 103 Behcet's syndrome, 49 Bell's paisy, 169

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH),

175-176 Benzodiazepine abuse, 3 21 Bereavement, 11 6 Bias, 111-112 Biliary tract disease, 3 5 Biophysical profile (BPP), fetal evaluation, 133

Biostatistics, glossary of terms, 107-112

Bipolar disorder, 114-115

Birth control, 128

Bladder cancer, 67

Blindness, causes hi adults, 157

Blood dyscrasias, 59

Blood smears, photo recognition for boards, 197 Blown pupil, 165 Brain tumor, 66

Braxton-Hicks contractions, 137 -138 Breast cancer biopsy, 62- 63 incidence ol, 62 risk factors for, 62. signs and symptoms o£ 62 treatment, 63 Breasi discharge, 127

Chvostek s sign, 203 Claudication, 173-174 Clotting tests, 56 Clozapine, 114 Cocaine abuse, 120 Colorectal cancer, 63 -64 Compartment syndrome, 161 Complement deficiency, 98 Conduct disorder, 1 19 Confidence interval (CI), 109 Confounding variables, 111 Congenita] heart defects, 23 Congenital hip dysplasia (CHD), 163 Congestive heart failure symptoms and signs of, 2 f - 22 treatment of "12 Conjunctivitis etiology of, 155 neonatal, 155 Conns syndrome, 41 Contact dermatitis, 80 Contraction stress test (CST), 133 Cor pulmonale, 22. Correlation coefficient, 109 Courvoisier's sign, 2,03 Cranial nerve lesions, 90-91 palsies, 158-159 Creatine kinase, 193 Cri-du-chat, 101 Crohn's disease, 32—33 Croup, 75

Cryptorchidism, 176 Cullen's sign, 203 Cashing s reflex, 203 Cusliing's syndrome, 41 Cyst, skin, 80 Cystic fibrosis, 27-28

Breast feeding, 135 Breast mass women over 35, 127 women under 35, 127 Brudzinskis sign, 203 Bulimia, 1 19 Bulla, skin, 80 Burns degrees, 179 types of, 1 79

Caffeine withdrawal, 121 Candidiasis, 81, 98 Caput suceedaneum, 184 Carcinoid tumor, 68 Cardiac tamponade, 15 j Cardiovascular medicine, 17—23 arrhythmia, 22-23 congestive heart failure, 21-22 deep vein thrombosis, 19-20 myocardial infarction, 17-19 pediatric, cardiology, 23 pulmonary embolism, 20-21 valvular heart disease, 19 Carotid stenosis, 1 73 Cataract, 156, 158 Cavernous hemangioma, 183 Central retinal artery occlusion, 157 Central retinal vein occlusion, 157 Cerebellar disorders, 93 Cerebrospinal fluid bloody, 165 findings, 87 Cervical cancer, 65 Cervical rib, 174 Chalazion, 157 Charcot joint, 48, 162 Charcot's triad, 203 Chediak Iligasln syndrome, 98 Cliest pa in, diagnosis of 17-19 Chi-squared test, 110 Chick enpox, 73 Child abuse, 184, 195 Chlorpromazine, 11 4-Choking, 153 Cholangitis, 148 Cholecystitis, 148 Cholestasis of pregnancy, 145 Cholesterol coronary heart disease risk factors, 5 -6 drug therapy, 6

familial hypercholesterolemia, screening, 5 -6 Chorea, 93

Chorionic villus sampling (CVS), 133 Chronic granulomatous disease, 97 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

(CÖPD), 25 Chronic renal fit lure (CRF) causes of, 44

metabolic derangements in, 44 treatment of, 44

Decubitus ulcer, 85 Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) causes of, 19 diagnosis of ) 9 20 prevention of, 20 Delayed puberty, 183 Delirium, 88-89 Dementia, 88-89 Depression, IIS ilb, 118 Dermatitis herpetiformis, 85 Dermatology, 79-86 conditions, 80-86 lesion types, 79- 80

photo recognition for boards, f 98 -199 Dermat.omyos.ilis, 49 Developmental milestones, 181 Diabetes insipidus, 10, 41, 193 Diabetes mellitus compliance monitoring, 4 complications of, 4 diagnosis of, 3 - 4 foot problems with, 4 insulin typc^s, 4

Diabetes mellitus (cont.)

medication interactions, 5 peripheral neuropathy in, 4 in pregnancy complications, 139 macrosornia, 131, 139 treatment, 139-140 retinopathy with, 4, 156-157 screening, 3

Somogyi effect versus dawn phenomenon, 4 surgery preparation, 5 symptoms, 3 treatment goals, 3 Diaphragmatic hernia, 27, 37 Diaphragm rupture, 152 Diarrhea causes of 3 1- 32. management of, 3 2 DiGeorge syndrome, 97 Diptheria, 75, 106

Disseminated intravascular coagulation

(DIC), 56 Dissociative fugue, 117 Diuretics, side effects, 186 Diverticulosis, 3 1

Dobi/tamine, intravenous therapy for shock, 16

Do not-resuscitate order, 196 Dopamine, intravenous therapy for shock, 16

Down syndrome, 100 Drowning, 180

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB),

124—125 Dysthymia, 116

Dystonia, antipsychotic drug side effect, if4

Ear, nose, and throat surgery, 169-171 Eaton-Lambert syndrome, 94 Eclampsia, 136-137 Ectopic pregna ncy, 139 Edwards syndrome, 100 Electromyography (liMG), 88 Emergency medicine, 179-180 burns, 179 drowning, 180 hyperthermia, 180 hypothermia, 179-180 Emphysema, 25 Encopresis, 22.0 Endocarditis, 19, 74 Endocrinology, 3 9 4 2

hypothalamic-pituitary axis, 39 Endometriosis, I 24 Enuresis, 120 Eosinophilia, 56

Epidemiology, per year rate overview, 107 Epididymitis, 175 Epidural anesthesia, in labor, 1 36 Epidural hematoma, 165

.Epiglottitis, 75

Epinephrine, intravenous therapy for shock, 16

Epsteiu-Barr virus, 74 Error types, 111 Erythema infectiosuni, 73 Erythema multiforme, 84 Erythema nodosum, 85 Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (liSR). 193 Esophageal cancer, 67 Esophageal disorders, 35 Estrogen, hormone replacement therapy, 187

Ethics, 195-196

Facial nerve, 90 Facial paralysis, causes of, 169 Factitious disorder, 1 1 7 Fat necrosis, 127 Fetal alcohol syndrome, 8 Fibroadenoma, 127 Fibrocystic disease, 127 Fibroids, I 24 Fibromyalgia, 50

Fifth disease. See Erythema infectiosum Flail chest, J 52 Floppy baby syndrome, 93 Fluoride supplementation, 183 Folate deficiency, anemia with, 53 FonUneUe, large anterior, 184 Foreign body aspiration, 27 Fracture open, versus closed, 1 6 I open versus closed reduction, 161-162 Fungal skin infection, 80-81

Gallbladder disease, 148 Gastrinoma, 64 Gastroenterology, 29—38 bleeding, 30 31

HialibrnvaVions in children, 36-38 Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), 2.9 Gastroscbisis, 37

Generalized anxiety disorder, 116 General surgery, 147-153 acute abdomen, 147-15 0 preparation and follow-up, 149-1.50 trauma, 150-153 Genetics, 99-101

autosomal dominant diseases, 99 autosomal recessive diseases, 99-100 chromosomal disorders, 100-101 polygenic disorders, 100 Genitalia, ambiguous, 128 Geriatrics, i03 Glaucoma closed angle glaucoma, 56 open angle glaucoma, 55- 156 Glossopharyngeal nerve, 90 Glucagonoma, 64

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, anemia with, 55

Grey-luruer sign, 203 Grief, 116

Group B streptococcus (GBS), treatment in pregnancy, I 36 Growth charts, pediatrics, I 82 Guillain-Barré syndrome, 87-88 Gynecology, 123-129

breast mass diagnosis, 127-1 28 fertility, 125-127 infections, 123-12.4 pediatric gynecology, 17.8-129

Haloperidol, 114 Halstead Rci-i tan Battery, 118 Headache, causes of i 89-90 Hearing loss, causes of, 169-1 70 HELLP syndrome, 1 36 Hematology, 51-5/ anemia causes of, 52.-55 definition of, 51 diagnostic steps, 51-52 hemolytic anemia, 52 transfusions, 55-56 Hemochromatosis, 34 Hemolytic uremic syndrome, 32, 45 Hemophilia, arthritis with, 48 Hemothorax, massive, 1 5 Í Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP), 37, 45 Hepatitis, 33-34, 106 Hernia, types of, 149 Herpes simplex keratitis, 157 Hiatal hernia, 29 Hirsutism, 83 Histiocytosis, 68 Homan's sign, 203 Hordeolum, 15 7

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), 187 Human chorionic, gonadotropin (hCG), changes during pregnancy, I 39 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis of infection, 96 management of infection, 96-97 pregnancy management, 135 Huntington's disease, 92 Hydatidiform mole, 132 Hydrocele, 176 Hydrocephalus, 167 Hyperammonemia, 34 Hypercalcemia, 12 Hyperemesis gravidarum, 145 Flyperinimunoglobtilin E syndrome, 98 Hyperkalemia, 11, 193 Hypermagnesemia, 12-13 Hypernatremia, 10 Hyperphosphatemia, 13 Hypersensitivity reactions type I, 95 type II, 95 type III, 96 type IV, 96

Hypertension, 1-3 drug therapy, 2 emergencies, .'. evaluation of, in pregnancy, 1 screening, I

secondary hypertension, 2.-3 Hyperthermia, 180 Hyperthyroidism, 39—40 Hypocalcemia causes o£ 11-12 symptoms, 11 treatment of, 12 Hypoglossal nerve, 91 Hypokalemia, 10 II, 193 Hypomagnesemia, I 2 Hypomania, I 1 5 Hyponatremia, 9 10, 193 Hypophosphatemia, 13 Hypospadias, 1 77 Hypothermia, 179-180 Hypothyroidism, 39, 193

Idiopathic thrombocytopenia (ITP), 45 Imnnuiizaucm adults, 106 children, 183 Immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency, 97 Immunology, 95-98 AIDS, 96-97

hypersensitivity reactions type I, 95 type II, 95 type III, 96 type iy 96 primary immunodeficiencies, 97-98 Imperforate hymen, I 2.9 Impetigo, 74 Impotence, 176 Incidence, definition of, 110 Infant botulism, 93 Infections disease, 69-78

classic board questions, 71-72 empiric therapy, 69 endocarditis, 74 meningitis, 74 -75 pediatric respiratory infection, 75 pneumonia diagnosis, 70-71 rabies, 76 rashes, 72-74 staining of bacteria, 69-70 staphylococcal infection, 77-78 streptococcal infection, 76—77 syphilis, 72 Infectious mononucleosis, 74 Inflammatory bowel disease, 32.-33 Influenza, immunization in adults, 106 informed consent, 195 inhalant abuse, 121 Insulinoma, 64 Internal medicine, 1-16 acid/base status, 8-9

Internal medicine (coiit.) alcohol, 7-8

cholesterol management, 5-6 diabetes, 4—5 hypercalcemia, 12 hyperkalemia, J ] hypernatremia, 10 hypertension, 1-3 hypocalcemia, 11 — 12 hypokalemia, 10 li hyponatremia, 9-10

magnesium and phosphate disturbances,

12-13 shock, 14-16 smoking, 6 7

vitamin and. mineral deficiency/toxicity,

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