Obstructive sleep apnea

Neurotransmitters Reticular Formation

Factors that predispose to OSA include obesity, gender, age, ethnic (including genetic) factors, and craniofacial structure, and OSA may be aggravated by use of certain drugs and smoking. It is pathophysiologically characterized by repetitive episodes during sleep of upper airway narrowing and or closure, accompanied by increased breathing efforts in attempts to overcome such narrowing closure, also by arousals and or outright wakenings from sleep, as well as attendant respiratory and...