Extra Corporeal Dialysis

Other than Peritoneal Dialysis, electrolytic chloroxidizer is used as well in extra-corporeal dialysis. Because of the fact that the dialytic circuit is considered an extension of the blood circuit of the patient, it is imperative to adopt universal precautions in order to avoid potential transmission of infections.

In chemical disinfection, the requirements for dialysis monitors disinfections are:

• activity versus bacteria, viruses, fungus and protozoa;

• capability to reduce pyrogens;

• capability to dissolve potential hematic residues;

• capability to stop biofilm formation;

• non-toxic or damaging for the patient and the operator;

• being easily removable;

• being easily recognizable for positive presence or for residual presence before any single use of the dialysis monitor;

• being cost-effective and ready to use.

It seems to us that the electrolytic chloroxidizer, better that any other agent, positively answer to these requirements (in particular if used after a descaling agent such as citric acid, oxalic acid or acetic acid). Furthermore, the other advantages described earlier are not satisfied by other industrial hypochlorites. In fact, because of the 1998 European new regulations concerning all medical devices, a disinfectant for dialysis apparatus must be 'CE marked'. All other industrial types of industrial formulation must be considered 'non-acceptable' (industrial bleach with non-specific claim on the label).

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