Calculating The Percentage Of Juice In A Beverage

Occasionally, a soft drink company's technical officer is asked to calculate how much juice concentrate should be added to a This calculation often stymies soft beverage in order to attain a prescribed legal minimum juice drink technologists not acquainted content in the drink. The reverse also happens, where the person with juice technology. is asked if the juice content in an existing juice-containing beverage is what it says it is on the label of the product.

As I mentioned in the previous section, soft drink technical personnel (other than in companies where juices are the core business), are often not too familiar with the finer peculiarities and esoteric nature of fruit juice technology. If the person asked to do such a calculation has never done this before, he or she is usually stymied at first but then reacts logically enough to say something along these lines:

I was told that the juice is six-times concentrated, so I must add a sixth of the target juice percentage in the form of concentrate to a certain volume of beverage, and thus, the required target juice percentage will be achieved.

This might work, but it is very likely that he or she will significantly overshoot the minimum specified percentage level, and as such all is legally in order. However, fruit juice is a relatively costly item and a lot of money could be going down the drain. Also, overshooting the target could affect some of the quality parameters of the beverage, e.g., Brix, acidity, cloud intensity, and general overall taste.

In this section, I propose to show the reader that this calculation, though seemingly complex, is actually very simple when mastered. The first item to clarify and establish in this calculation is that the percentage juice in a beverage is usually required by food laws to be expressed (e.g., on the label) on a volume-for-volume basis. Thus, in a 6% juice beverage, one expects there to be 6 ml of juice in every 100 ml of beverage. The second basic item is that these 6 ml of juice must be on the single-strength basis of the particular juice involved.

Having established these two basic prerequisites for correct calculation methodology, we can now proceed. I will employ this 6% juice numerical example to demonstrate the calculation and use what by now is the well-known lemon juice concentrate Lemon 30 Brix, as the juice involved. It will be referred to as lemon concentrate.


Lemon concentrate:

Brix corrected for acidity = 34.00°B D20 (from tables) = 1.14530

Lemon juice, single strength:

Brix corrected for acidity = 7.50°B D20 (from tables) = 1.02685


Calculate the volume of lemon concentrate required in 1000 liters of final beverage to obtain 6% vol/vol single-strength lemon juice in the beverage.


Step 1: 1000 liters of final beverage must contain 6% vol/vol of single-strength lemon juice. Therefore:

Step 2: Calculate total dissolved solids in 60 liters of single-strength lemon juice:

(2) Weight of 60 liters of single-strength lemon juice = 60 x (D20 single-strength lemon juice)

(3) Total dissolved juice solids in 61.611 kg single-strength lemon juice = 61.611 x (Brix single-strength lemon juice)

= 61.611 x 7.50°B (expressed as percent) = 61.611 x 0.075 = 4.62083 kg

This is the amount of lemon juice solids that the 1000 liters of beverage must contain in order for the beverage to have the equivalent 6% vol/vol single-strength lemon juice. These solids will be supplied from the lemon concentrate that will be added to the beverage formulation.

Step 3: Calculate weight (W) of lemon concentrate that will contain 4.62083 kg dissolved solids. By definition of Brix:

Lemon Concentrate dissolved solids _ Brix Lemon Concentrate Weight (W) Lemon Concentrate (expressed as percent)

Therefore, (4)


Therefore, (5)



This is the weight of lemon concentrate that will contain 4.62083 kg lemon juice dissolved solids.

Step 4: Calculate the volume V (in liters) of 13.59066 kg lemon concentrate. (7)


(D20 Lemon Concentrate) 13.59066

1.14530 V = 11.86646 liters


V = 11.86646 liters of lemon concentrate and will contain 4.62083 kg lemon juice dissolved solids. This volume of lemon concentrate will represent 6% vol/vol single-strength lemon juice in 1000 liters of final beverage. The value can be conveniently rounded off to 11.866 liters.

This then is one way to calculate how much juice concentrate is required to achieve a specified percentage of single-strength juice in a beverage. This method was presented in order to enable the reader to understand the rationale of the steps involved and the interplay of Brix, density, dissolved solids, etc., that result in the final volume figure of concentrate.

All of these calculations can be represented in a single math formula applicable to any juice, at any target percentage in a beverage:


Vfjc= the volume (in liters) of fruit juice concentrate required to achieve the target percentage of single-strength juice in the beverage;

P = the target percent single-strength juice for the beverage (in decimal form);

Vb = the volume of the beverage in liters;

Dssj = the D20 of the single-strength juice (from Brix/density tables);

Bssj = the Brix of the single-strength juice (in decimal form);

Bfjc= the Brix of the fruit juice concentrate (in decimal form); and

Dfjc = the D20 of the fruit juice concentrate (from Brix/density tables).

Note: A point to take note of is that the Brix and percentage values should always be used in decimal format, e.g., 7.50°B as 0.075 and 6% as 0.06. This will save having always to divide by 100 and will put the decimals in their right places in the calculated results.

This formula can be mathematically rearranged to calculate the reverse, i.e., if the volume of fruit concentrate in a formulation is known, by isolating for P, the percentage single-strength juice in the beverage can be calculated.

Was this article helpful?

+1 0
Outsourcing Cheat Sheet

Outsourcing Cheat Sheet

Download this Outsourcing Guide And Discover 10 Tasks You Can Outsource Today. Leverage Your Time And Start Using The Power of Outsourcing. Inside this guide, you'll discover: 10 tasks you can outsource today. Where to outsource your tasks including websites. What to look for when outsourcing. Websites where you can outsource design, writing and programming plus much, much more.

Get My Free Ebook


  • agatino castiglione
    How to calculate percent juice in beverage?
    3 years ago
  • marco
    How to calculate juice percentage from concentrate?
    2 years ago
  • Rowan Lightfoot
    How to calculate total strength of juice?
    2 years ago
  • asmait
    How to calculate fruit communite?
    2 years ago
  • Jessica
    How to calculate concentrate juice to liters?
    2 years ago
  • swen
    How to calculate juice made of jucie concentrate?
    1 year ago
  • william
    How to you calculate the percentage of juice concentrate needed in a batch?
    1 year ago
  • ambessa tewolde
    How to calculate juice percent from concentration?
    1 year ago
  • michael
    How much are the energy values of the fruit juices beverage?
    1 year ago
  • idris
    How to calculate sugar percentage in juice?
    1 year ago
  • louis
    How to calculate % juice for beverages?
    1 year ago
  • aimee
    How much is a good percent of juice in a bottle drink?
    1 year ago
  • Ermes Barese
    How to calculate soluble solids in juice concentrate?
    1 year ago
  • ora
    What percentage of juice dose a drink have to be have the label naturally flavored?
    1 year ago
  • Robert Rosenberg
    How determine content of fruit juice?
    1 year ago
  • taneli jokinen
    How to determine % sugar in a beverage?
    1 year ago
  • marko
    1 year ago
  • Adelbert
    How to find percent of juice in final mix?
    1 year ago
  • arvid hiukka
    How to calculate percent juice using concentrate?
    1 year ago
  • saare
    How to calculate brix of single strength juice concentrate?
    1 year ago
  • monika lehrer
    How to determine juice percentage in rts?
    1 year ago
  • sam
    How to calculate juice content from juice with concentrate?
    1 year ago
  • theodore
    How to determine density of fruit concentrate?
    1 year ago
  • yonas osman
    How to determine percent juice?
    1 year ago
  • pandora
    How to calculate the total juice content?
    1 year ago
  • adelfina
    How to calculate the brix of drinks?
    1 year ago
  • lelia
    How to calculate density of juice?
    1 year ago
  • jasper
    What is the maximum percentage that should contain in soft drinks?
    1 year ago
  • virginia smith
    How much is in soft drinks and juices?
    12 months ago
  • Sandra
    How to calculate single strenth juice for apple?
    12 months ago
  • Sven
    How is juice content determined?
    12 months ago
  • nicole drescher
    How to find average amount of amount in beverages?
    11 months ago
  • gustava
    Is there a difference between stated volume and calculated volume on juice beverages?
    10 months ago
  • Chanel
    How to calculate sugar in soft drinks?
    10 months ago
    How to calculate dosage to density drink?
    9 months ago
  • Tyler
    How to calculate how much voodoo juice?
    8 months ago
  • lily
    How to make a singel strength juice from a concentrate?
    7 months ago
  • dinodas
    How to calculate juice content based on brix?
    7 months ago
  • Robert
    How do you figure percent for e juice formulas?
    7 months ago
  • Christine Feierabend
    How to calculate the energy in juice?
    6 months ago
  • cynthia
    How to calculate the concentration of a lemmon juice?
    5 months ago
  • Anni
    How to calculate the total volume of a four pack of juice cans?
    5 months ago
  • torsten drescher
    Do you count essences in your percent juice calculation?
    5 months ago
  • nerea angelo
    Do beverage companies bottle the exact amount of juice the say they do?
    5 months ago
  • Rhian
    How to convert lemon juice concentrate to single strength?
    4 months ago
  • mezan
    How to find the volume of a drink with restricted sugar?
    4 months ago
    How to determine if a juice is double strength?
    2 months ago
  • tesmi
    How to read the percentages on a juice carton?
    2 months ago
  • ritva
    How to find the concentration of a mixed soft drink?
    2 months ago
  • Tanta
    How to calculate the moisture of juice?
    2 months ago
  • Eleleta
    How to calculate fruit content in beverages?
    2 months ago
  • Dominique
    How to estimate concentration of sugar in juice?
    2 months ago
  • berhane
    How to calculate sugar content in juice?
    2 months ago
  • ria
    Why drink companies don't have time to measure the accurate amount of juice in drinks?
    2 months ago
  • ren
    1 month ago
  • Mathilda Salmelainen
    How to calculate density of juice from the brix?
    28 days ago
  • robert
    How much much juice of 65 brix should be used to make 40%juice content?
    11 days ago
    How to calculate the % juice in a formula if you are using concentrate?
    2 days ago

Post a comment