Biological Risk Factors Contributing To Ptsd

If there is a predisposing biology of PTSD, it appears to comprise a set of conditions that impede an individual's ability to contain the stress response. According to the cascade described above, trauma exposure will further the development of these conditions and consequences, resulting in a progressive sensitization to subsequent trauma exposures. It is conceivable that any one of a number of biological conditions could have the effect of stimulating or sustaining heightened levels of...

Specific Mechanisms Potentially Contributing To The Pathophysiology Of Ptsd

While the precise mechanisms whereby even well-established biological risk factors may influence a person's acute response to trauma have not yet been fully elaborated, it is important to consider the possibilities. With respect to the neuroendocrine alterations, for example, since cortisol inhibits its own release through negative feedback at the level of the pituitary and the hypothalamus, lower circulating cortisol levels may disrupt (or delay) the process of physiological stress recovery by...

Psychological Debriefing

Over the last 20 years, it has become customary and then almost mandatory to apply early intervention after disasters and other traumatic events, in the hope of accelerating the resolution of trauma-associated symptoms. Early interventions are intuitively appealing and appear to be a response to a perceived need, but whether or not they are useful remains unclear. The procedure of choice has become psychological debriefing, in which the subject is encouraged to talk about the trauma in...

Treatingacute Stress Disorders An Evaluation Of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Andsupportive Counseling Technique.

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