Hispanic American men drink more than Hispanic American women regardless of age. Mexican American men drink more and abstain less than either Puerto Rican or Cuban American men. Hispanic American men and women drink more as their income increases (Group for Advancement of Psychiatry, 1996). Surveys in 1984 and 1995 revealed that alcohol-related problems increased in Hispanic males but remained stable in women of all ethnicities, and stable in black males and white males (Caetano & Clark, 1998b). Mexican Americans have a motor vehicle alcohol-related mortality rate of 54.6%, while that of Cuban Americans is 36.6% (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1999). Cirrhosis rates for Hispanic males are 61.8 per 100,000, which is higher than that found in black or white males. The notion that machismo is related to drinking in Mexican American males is dispelled by statistics showing equal machismo influences in white and non-Hispanic minorities (Caetano & Clark, 1998a).
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