Integrated psychosocial treatments are increasingly accepted and provided to patients as more and varied evidence accrues regarding their benefits. However, there continue to be few trials that integrate novel psychosocial treatments with novel pharmacotherapies. Instead, most treatments either focus on new pharmacological or new psychosocial interventions. Despite this, more recent research has emphasized the importance of integrating pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatment options.
In the approximately 20 years since researchers and clinicians in the mental health and addictions fields first noted the high prevalence rate of comorbidity and poorer outcomes in dually diagnosed populations, important strides have been made in further understanding the epidemiology and sequelae of these disorders, as well as the critical need to develop specific treatments for these populations. Significant progress has been made in developing new treatments, testing them with increasing methodological rigor, and developing optimal treatment methods for these often poorly served patient populations. In the next decade, we are hopeful that this continued research effort will translate into improved treatment methods and outcomes in these patients.
This work was supported by Grant Nos. K02 DA00326 (Dr. Weiss), R01 DA015968 (Drs. Busch and Weiss), U10 DA015831 (Drs. Busch, Weiss, and Najavits), and K02 DA00400 (Dr. Najavits) from the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
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